When is an AV Safe Enough to Deploy?

The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure produces life-saving, actionable insights that improve the safety of our streets and speed up the deployment of autonomous mobility.

Interested? Keep reading.

Mobility Pioneers Finalist, 2021

Start-Up Cohort Member, 2021

Grant Finalist, 2021/2


We work with developers, deployers, insurers, and regulators of autonomous mobility that wish to measure the safe movement of their own or third-party vehicles.


We quantitatively assess the traffic safety of drivers, streets, and driving operations for global insurance and traffic infrastructure.


The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure is objective, validated across simulated and real-world conditions (even dashcam video works).


The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure

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The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure (SHM™) is a continuous calculation of relative hazard that quantifies the degree of near-miss for each pair of traffic object interactions occurring between all the traffic objects in any traffic scenario.

The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure is:

Free of Assumptions


Perhaps most importantly, SHM™ can be integrated across all modes of AV safety verification and validation toolchains: on road, in simulation, on test tracks, and for safety assurance in operation.

Traffic Hazard Assessment

The state-of-the-art Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure is essential for developers, deployers, insurers, and regulators.

Why Streetscope

Objective Safety Metrics to Judge Safety Performance

​​Streetscope has created an objective measurement system for industry and municipalities enabling better safety-related decisions.

How safe is “safe enough”?

Before autonomous vehicles are widely deployed on our roadways, key mobility-related stakeholders must answer the questions: How safe is “safe enough”? And how do we measure safety?

We must use leading indicators

For any successful deployment of automated mobility, it is essential to use leading indicators to measure and assess the safe operation of vehicles in traffic.

Current approaches are insufficient

Current and past approaches - including historical collision statistics, TTC, RSS, ISM, IMU data, and disengagements - do not provide the information and context required to assure safe operations.

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AV Safety Assurance

Streetscope’s Collision Hazard Measure anchors products that enable AV stakeholders to accelerate commercial deployment with confidence.


AV Safety Performance Indicators

  • Safety metrics for Verification and Validation processes
  • Measure safety performance of AV stack on-road and in-simulation
  • Validate AV safety performance vs human drivers or past versions
  • Objectively validate conformance to safety standards and/or safety case
Hazard Measure street scene

Route and Environmental Safety Assessments

  • AV ODD assessments
  • Hazard assessment of streets and intersections
  • Safety metrics of human drivers and vulnerable road users
  • Hotspot and Conflict Zone detection
  • High Hazard Scenario database

Streetscope System Risk Modeling

  • System engineering methodologies developed at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Beyond conventional risk management (analyzing and characterizing risk)
  • Enable trades between mitigation options and available resources


Cost-Effective Safety Assurance

Streetscope’s toolchain supports modern system development efforts.


Gather Pre-Collision Street Data

Streetscope collects data on the position of all objects, using various data ingestion methods to generate a continuous quantification of relative hazard. The data can be collected directly, using an inexpensive GPS-enabled dashcam, or for those that have archived road, track, and simulated drive data, accessed via API.


Integrate with Existing Processes

The Streetscope toolchain can be integrated with any existing AV Verification & Validation process and the measure has been validated on road, on track, and in simulation, making it a genuinely useful tool for system developers to assess their safety performance on a spot or continuous basis.


Calculate Safety Performance Indicators

Once the measure has been calculated on drive data, Streetscope outputs an array of actionable safety performance indicators that support development and deployment goals. System developers can objectively understand how different builds perform and operators can similarly monitor operations.


Markets We Serve

We measure and quantify safe movement.
We do this for insurance. For fleet managers. For system designers. For traffic engineers and planners.

New Technology Requires New Measurement

For car makers, vehicle safety has always meant crash safety: removing mechanical energy from the vehicle’s occupants. Today, however, vehicle safety is also about avoiding crashes. It's about responding to the driver's behavior and to surrounding vehicles, cyclists, and pedestrians, sometimes automatically.

But when new automated safety technologies take control of the vehicle from the driver, this change also means a shift in liability, compelling us to find new ways to ensure that safety requirements are met or exceeded, in a verifiable way. Streetscope offers a consistent, objective approach to evaluating the safety of new transportation systems and subsystems.

Informed Decisions, a Safer Future

The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure provides a smart view of progress toward safety goals, helping OEMs and automated system developers make more intelligent decisions about:

- which driver behaviors to focus on
- which ADAS technology to adopt
- which sensor systems to incorporate
- which AV stack provider offers the safest and most cost-effective solutions.

A Historical Problem

It's not too big of a secret that fleet insurance is broken. The trailing indicators used today, such as collision statistics, incur pain and loss in society and are limited or inaccurate.

Measures of driving behavior are limited to context-less data sources such as IMU (cellphone) data or, like TTC, rely on inferior measurements of traffic safety.

Underwriters need context-aware data sources to price new mobility (AVs, ADAS) risk, as well as methods to lower their historically high loss ratios.

Objective. Quantifiable. Repeatable. Independent

Streetscope's continuous and direct observation of traffic behavior offers a pathway to profitably describing automated and human-driven risks, an actionable metric that has eluded the commercial fleet and consumer auto insurance lines for decades.

Real-Time Understanding, Safer Streets Today

City transportation departments are constantly striving for safer streets. Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure can quickly identify hazardous areas and hot spots, helping planners take corrective actions.

What until now has taken even five years — waiting for people to have accidents — can now be done in real-time, responding quickly to emerging traffic conditions to save lives and money.

Safer Streets Tomorrow

Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure considers not only today’s road hazards, but can also quantify the impact of proposed road changes, helping to ensure, from Day 1, that new road plans or proposed changes to existing roadways meet safety expectations.

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Point of View

Latest news, reports, and white papers on making roads and driving safer and smarter.

Capable & Talented Team

Into the vessel went equal doses of rocket science, history, engineering, and design to create the brew that is true. We will continue to do so. Interested in joining the team? Say hi.

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Let’s Talk

We are looking for partners involved in transportation infrastructure, mobility insurance, fleet management, and vehicle systems design and manufacturing.

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Our Office
130 W. Union Street
Pasadena, CA 91103
Direct Contacts
Mark Goodstein
Erik Antonsson