When is an AV Safe Enough to Deploy?

The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure produces life-saving, actionable insights that improve the safety of our streets and speed up the deployment of autonomous mobility.

Interested? Keep reading.

Mobility Pioneers Finalist, 2021

Start-Up Cohort Member, 2021

Grant Finalist, 2021


We work with developers, deployers, insurers, and regulators of autonomous mobility that wish to measure the safe movement of their own or third-party vehicles.


We quantitatively assess the traffic safety of drivers, streets, and driving operations for global insurance and traffic infrastructure.


The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure is objective, validated across simulated and real-world conditions (even dashcam video works).


The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure™

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The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure™ (SHM™) is a continuous calculation of relative hazard that quantifies the degree of near-miss for each pair of traffic object interactions occurring between all the traffic objects in any traffic scenario.

The Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure™ is:

Free of Assumptions


Perhaps most importantly, SHM™ can be integrated across all modes of AV safety verification and validation toolchains: on road, in simulation, on test tracks, and for safety assurance in operation.

Traffic Hazard Assessment

The state-of-the-art Streetscope Collision Hazard Measure™ is essential for developers, deployers, insurers, and regulators.

Why Streetscope

Objective Safety Metrics to Judge Safety Performance

​​Streetscope has created an objective measurement system for industry and municipalities enabling better safety-related decisions.

How safe is “safe enough”?

Before autonomous vehicles are widely deployed on our roadways, key mobility-related stakeholders must answer the questions: How safe is “safe enough”? And how do we measure safety?

We must use leading indicators

For any successful deployment of automated mobility, it is essential to use leading indicators to measure and assess the safe operation of vehicles in traffic.

Current approaches are insufficient

Current and past approaches - including historical collision statistics, TTC, RSS, ISM, IMU data, and disengagements - do not provide the information and context required to assure safe operations.

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AV Safety Assurance

Streetscope’s Collision Hazard Measure anchors products that enable AV stakeholders to accelerate commercial deployment with confidence.


AV Safety Performance Indicators

  • Safety metrics for Verification and Validation processes
  • Measure safety performance of AV stack on-road and in-simulation
  • Validate AV safety performance vs human drivers or past versions
  • Objectively validate conformance to safety standards and/or safety case
Hazard Measure street scene

Route and Environmental Safety Assessments

  • AV ODD assessments
  • Hazard assessment of streets and intersections
  • Safety metrics of human drivers and vulnerable road users
  • Hotspot and Conflict Zone detection
  • High Hazard Scenario database

Streetscope System Risk Modeling

  • System engineering methodologies developed at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Beyond conventional risk management (analyzing and characterizing risk)
  • Enable trades between mitigation options and available resources


Cost-Effective Safety Assurance

Streetscope’s toolchain supports modern system development efforts.


Gather Pre-Collision Street Data

Streetscope collects data on the position of all objects, using various data ingestion methods to generate a continuous quantification of relative hazard. The data can be collected directly, using an inexpensive GPS-enabled dashcam, or for those that have archived road, track, and simulated drive data, accessed via API.


Integrate with Existing Processes

The Streetscope toolchain can be integrated with any existing AV Verification & Validation process and the measure has been validated on road, on track, and in simulation, making it a genuinely useful tool for system developers to assess their safety performance on a spot or continuous basis.


Calculate Safety Performance Indicators

Once the measure has been calculated on drive data, Streetscope outputs an array of actionable safety performance indicators that support development and deployment goals. System developers can objectively understand how different builds perform and operators can similarly monitor operations.


Markets We Serve

Streetscope makes decision-support tools for the transportation, insurance, and infrastructure sectors.

New Technology Requires New Measurement

For car makers, vehicle safety has always meant crash safety. But today, vehicle safety is more about avoiding crashes than removing mechanical energy from vehicle occupants. It’s about responding to the behavior of the driver and also surrounding vehicles, bicyclists, and pedestrians. Car manufacturers and other transportation providers continue to add complicated automated safety technologies, which at times can take control of the vehicle from the human driver. This change of control means change of liability, which in turn means that vehicle makers and automated system developers are looking for new ways to assess safety to ensure they meet and exceed today's safety requirements. Streetscope offers exactly that: an objective approach to assessing the safety of transportation systems and subsystems.

Informed Decisions Enable a Safer Future

Streetscope’s System Risk Model helps vehicle makers and automated system developers make smarter decisions about which ADAS technology to adopt; which AV stack provider offers the safest and most cost-effective solution for their new autonomous offering; and which sensor systems to incorporate. The Hazard Measure and Risk Model combine to provide a dashboard view of progress toward safety goals.

Making Better Decisions

It’s not too big of a secret that fleet insurance is broken. In fact, most mobility-related insurance is in dire straits. Insurers today increasingly use data from cell phone position sensors (IMUs) to infer safe driving behaviors. IMU data is worthless for this task and is used by insurance companies to self-select the best drivers, who volunteer to be tracked. Hard braking data, for instance, free as it is of any context, is not correlated at all to unsafe driving.

Streetscope's continuous and direct observation of traffic behavior offers a pathway to characterizing automated and human-driven risks in a profitable way, an actionable metric that has eluded the commercial fleet and consumer auto insurance lines for years. For some purposes, sampling is fine; but in a complex world, direct measurement offers far greater assurance.”

Real-Time Understanding

Streetscope's street segment hazard scoring can assess the impacts of proposed property changes in real time rather than the 3-5 years (!) it takes today to gather crash data. Continuous measurement enables transportation departments to respond immediately to emerging traffic conditions, saving lives and money.

Safer Streets Today

City transportation departments are always striving for safer streets in their cities. Streetscope’s objective measure can quickly identify hazardous areas and help planners to take corrective actions. What until now has taken years—waiting for people to have accidents—can now be done in real-time.

Safer Streets Tomorrow

Streetscope’s Risk Model considers not only today’s road hazards, but can also quantify the impact of proposed road changes, helping to ensure that, from Day 1, new road plans or proposed changes to existing roadways meet safety expectations.

Ready to talk about safer and more cost effective decisions?

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Team Background

Into the vessel went equal doses of rocket science, history, engineering, and design to create the brew that is true. We will continue to do so. Interested in joining the team? Say hi.

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We are looking for partners involved in transportation infrastructure, mobility insurance, fleet management, and vehicle systems design and manufacturing.

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Our Office
130 W. Union Street
Pasadena, CA 91103
Direct Contacts
Mark Goodstein
Erik Antonsson